The NBCE uses reference texts that are generally employed by the chiropractic colleges. This list of references is presented to assist you in preparing for NBCE examinations; however, study of the following references will not guarantee that you will pass NBCE examinations. Moreover, this list is not comprehensive and does not imply that references not included on this list are inappropriate or of lesser value or quality than references that are included.
Ball, J. W., Dains, J. E., Flynn, J. A., Solomon, B. S., & Stewart, R. W. (2019). Seidel’s Guide to Physical Examination (9th ed.). St. Louis: Mosby.
Belanger, A. (2015). Therapeutic Electrophysical Agents: Evidence Behind Practice (3rd ed.). Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Bergman, T. F., & Peterson, D. H. (2011). Chiropractic Technique: Principles and Procedures (3rd ed.). St. Louis: Mosby.
Bickley, L. S. (2017). Bates’ Guide to Physical Examination and History Taking (12th ed.). Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Blumenfeld, H. (2010). Neuroanatomy through Clinical Cases (2nd ed.). Sunderland, MA: Sinauer Associates.
Cipriano, J. J. (2010). Photographic Manual of Regional Orthopaedic and Neurological Tests (5th ed.). Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Cox, J. M. (2011). Low Back Pain: Mechanism, Diagnosis and Treatment (7th ed.). Baltimore; Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Evans, R. C. (2009). Illustrated Orthopedic Physical Assessment (3rd ed.). St. Louis: Mosby.
Giangarra, C.E., & Manske, R. C. (2018). Clinical Orthopedic Rehabilitation: A Team Approach (4th ed.). Philadelphia: Mosby
Haldeman, S. (2005). Principles and Practice of Chiropractic (3rd ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill Medical.
Hammer, W. (2007). Functional Soft-Tissue Examination and Treatment by Manual Methods (3rd ed.). Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett Publishers.
Hoppenfeld, S. (1976). Physical Examination of the Spine and Extremities. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts.
Hoppenfeld, S. (1977). Orthopaedic Neurology: A Diagnostic Guide to Neurologic Levels. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott Company.
Liebenson, C. (2020). Rehabilitation of the Spine: A Patient-Centered Approach (3rd ed.). Wolters Kluwer
Magee, D. J. (2014). Orthopedic Physical Assessment (6th ed.). St. Louis: Saunders.
Mahan, L. K., Escott-Stump, S., & Raymond, J. L. (2017). Krause’s Food and the Nutrition Care Process (14th ed.). St. Louis: Elsevier.
Marchiori, D. M. (2014). Clinical Imaging: With Skeletal, Chest and Abdominal Pattern Differentials (3rd ed.). St. Louis: Mosby, Inc.
McGill, S. (2016). Low Back Disorders: Evidence-Based Prevention and Rehabilitation (3rd ed.). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.
Michaud, T. C. (2011). Human Locomotion: Conservative Management of Gait-Related Disorders. Newton, MA: Newton Biomechanics.
Pagana, K. D., & Pagana, T. J. (2018). Mosby’s Manual of Diagnostic and Laboratory Tests (6th ed.). St. Louis: Mosby.
Papadakis, M.A., McPhee, S.J., & Rabow, M.W. (2018). Current Medical Diagnosis and Treatment 2015 (57th ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill Education.
Porter, R. S., & Kaplan, J. L., (2018). The Merck Manual of Diagnosis and Therapy (20th ed.). Whitehouse Station, Merck Research Laboratories
Scott, R. W. (2013). Legal, Ethical, and Practical Aspects of Patient Care Documentation (4th ed.). Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning.
Simons, D. C., Travell, J. C., & Simons, L. S. (1999). Myofascial Pain and Dysfunction: The Trigger Point Manual/Vol. 1: The Upper Half of the Body (2nd ed.). Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Souza, T. A. (2016). Differential Diagnosis and Management for the Chiropractor: Protocols and Algorithms (5th ed.). Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning.
Starkey, C. (2013). Therapeutic Modalities (4th ed.). Philadelphia: F. A. Davis Company.
Travell, J. C., & Simons, D. C. (1992). Myofascial Pain and Dysfunction: The Trigger Point Manual/Vol. 2: The Lower Extremities. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Yochum, T. R., & Rowe, L. J. (2005). Essentials of Skeletal Radiology (Vols. 1-2) (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.