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SPEC Reference Texts

PDF of SPEC reference texts

NOTE: The references listed are presented to assist individuals in preparing for SPEC. Study of these references will not guarantee that an individual will pass the NBCE examinations. Moreover, these lists are not comprehensive and do not imply that references that are not on this list are inappropriate or of lesser value or quality than references that are included.

Beers, M. H., Porter, R. S., Jones, T. V., Kaplan, J. L., & Berkwits, M. (2006). The Merck Manual of Diagnosis and Therapy (18th ed.). Whitehouse Station, NJ: Merck Research Laboratories.

Bergman, T. F., & Peterson, D. H. (2011). Chiropractic Technique: Principles and Procedures (3rd ed.). St. Louis: Mosby.

Bickley, L. S., & Szilagyi, P. G. (2008). Bates’ Guide to Physical Examination and History Taking (10th ed.). Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Cipriano, J. J. (2003). Photographic Manual of Regional Orthopaedic and Neurological Tests (4th ed.). Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Cox, J. M. (1999). Low Back Pain: Mechanism, Diagnosis and Treatment (6th ed.). Baltimore: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.Evans, R. C. (2009). Illustrated Orthopedic Physical Assessment (3rd ed.). St. Louis: Mosby.

Fauci, A. S., Braunwald, E., Kasper, D. L., Hauser, S. L., Longo, D. L., Jameson, J. L., et al. (Eds.). (2008). Harrison’s Principles of Internal Medicine (17th ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill Medical.

Gatterman, M. (2004). Chiropractic Management of Spine Related Disorders (2nd ed.). Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins.

Haldeman, S. (Ed.). (2005). Principles and Practice of Chiropractic (3rd ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill Medical.

Hoppenfeld, S. (1976). Physical Examination of the Spine and Extremities. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts.

Hoppenfeld, S. (1977). Orthopaedic Neurology: A Diagnostic Guide to Neurologic Levels. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott Company.

Jaskoviak, P., & Schafer, R. (1993). Applied Physiotherapy: Practical Clinical Applications with Emphasis on the Management of Pain and Related Symptoms (2nd ed.). Arlington, VA: American Chiropractic Association.

Kirkaldy-Willis, W., & Bernard, T. (1999). Managing Low Back Pain (4th ed.). New York: Churchill Livingstone.

Liebensen, C. (Ed.). (2007). Rehabilitation of the Spine: A Practitioner’s Manual (2nd ed.). Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Magee, D. J. (2008). Orthopedic Physical Assessment (5th ed.). St. Louis: Saunders.

Marchiori, D. (2004). Clinical Imaging: With Skeletal, Chest and Abdomen Pattern Differentials (2nd ed.). St. Louis: Mosby.

McArdle, W. D., & Katch, V. L. (2009). Exercise Physiology: Nutrition, Energy, and Human Performance (6th ed.). Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

McPhee, S.J., Papadakis, M.A., & Rabow, M. W. (2011). Current Medical Diagnosis and Treatment 2011 (50th ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill Medical.

Panjabi, M. M., & White, A. A., III. (2001). Biomechanics in the Musculoskeletal System. New York: Churchill Livingstone.

Scott, R. (2005). Legal Aspects of Documenting Patient Care (3rd ed.). Sudbury, MA: Jones & Bartlett Publishers.

Seidel, H. M., Ball, J., Dains, J., & Benedict, G. W. (2006). Mosby’s Guide to Physical Examination (6th ed.). St. Louis: Mosby.

Simons, D. C., Travell, J. C., & Simons, L. S. (1999). Myofascial Pain and Dysfunction: The Trigger Point Manual/Vol. 1: The Upper Half of the Body (2nd ed.). Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Souza, T. A. (2008). Differential Diagnosis and Management for the Chiropractor: Protocols and Algorithms (4th ed.). Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett Publishers.

Travell, J. C., & Simons, D. C. (1999). Myofascial Pain and Dysfunction: The Trigger Point Manual/Vol. 2: The Lower Extremities. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

White, A. A., III, & Panjabi, M. M. (1990). Clinical Biomechanics of the Spine (2nd ed.). Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott Company.

Yochum, T. R., & Rowe, L. J. (2005). Essentials of Skeletal Radiology (Vols. 1-2) (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.